October 1899, the colony of Victoria responded quickly to the call for
support from England.
The first Victorian contingent of 125 volunteers soon arrived
in Capetown and was in action on February 10, 1900.
There was a strong sense of patriotism in Victoria and a
further four contingents departed for South Africa in 1900 and 1901.
All were volunteers, amongst them, were 10 Victorian nurses who
were urgently needed to care for the large numbers of casualties,
predominantly suffering from infectious diseases.
federated in 1901 so Victoria like all other States provided
volunteers to the newly formed Australian Commonwealth Horse.
sent 207 officers, 3,401 men and 10 women to the war, of which 131 men
and 1 woman died.
South African War Memorial, unveiled in 1924, was funded with public
money raised by subscription since 1911. The Memorial designed by
Melbourne architects features a stone obelisk representing death and
glory above which is mounted a Crusader's bronze sword. At each corner
of the Memorial is a crouching lion symbolising the nobility and
strength of the British Empire.