JUNE 1950 TO 27 JULY 1953
In June 1950, Australia was one of the first in the United Nations
(U.N.) to answer the call to defend South Korea against invasion from
The Australians fought in Korea on land, in the air and at sea.
Australian soldiers distinguished themselves in many fierce land
battles, including the long advance into the north in September 1950 and
also as pat of the multinational (Commonwealth) force at the battles of
Kapyong, Maryang San and along the 27th Parallel. The Royal Australian
Air Force was in action for the duration of the war, providing fighters,
bombers and much of the British Commonwealth Forces Aerial Supply and
Evacuation. The Royal Australian Navy had nine ships serving in Korea in
blockage and bombardment roles.
The by cease-fire 17,000 Australian had served in Korea, 339 were killed
and 1,216 wounder. This casualty rate, considering the numbers committed
and the duration of the conflict, was Australia's highest after the
First World War.
The people of Korea remember that the sacrifices of the Australian's
helped to retain their liberty. These memories are preserved by way of
strong social, economic and educational exchanges between the two
Battle of Kapyong
The battle of Kapyong was the most significant battle for the Australian
Army in the Korean War. In the valley below, a combined small force of
900 Australian and 900 Canadian soldiers supported by 15 American tanks
and 24 New Zealand field artillery guns halted a Chinese offensive.
These 10,000 Chinese soldiers and just overwhelmed a South Korean
Division 20 kilometres to the north of here. From the 23 April 1951, the
Allied force withdrew strategically through the valley southwards over
two days of heavy fighting. The attacking Chinese incurred such high
losses they became exhausted and incapable of continuing the advance