one of the text on the Kranji Plaque at Kranji Cemetery Singapore.
JAPAN MADE A SURPRISE AIR ATTACK ON SINGAPORE - CONCENTRATED IN
THE SOUTH AROUND KEPPEL HARBOUR AND RAFFLES PLACE, THE HEART OF THE
ISLANDS BUSINESS DISTRICT.
SPORADIC JAPANESE AERIAL
TARGETS WERE THE MILITARY
AIRFIELDS, THE BRITISH
NAVAL BASE AT SEMBAWANG IN
THE NORTH AND
KEPPEL AND TANJONG PAGAR DOCK AREAS IN THE
LT. GEN. PERCIVAL, LEADER OF
THE ALLIED FORCES, COMPLETES DEFENCE PLAN DIVIDING SINGAPORE INTO THREE
BROAD FIGHTING SECTIONS - SOUTHERN, NORTHERN AND WESTERN - WITH CENTRAL
RESERVE AREA CONTROLLING SUPPLIES OF FOOD, FUEL AND AMMUNITION.
JAN. BRITISH RETREATED ACROSS THE
CAUSEWAY INTO SINGAPORE; CAUSEWAY DESTROYED THE FOLLOWING DAY.
JAN. THE BATTLE OF SINGAPORE
JAPANESE CAPTURED PALAU UVIN AN ISLAND OFF CHANGI. THIS FIRST
INVASION WAS DESIGNED TO DIVERT ATTENTION AWAY FROM THE NORTHWEST COAST
WHERE THE MAIN INVASION TOOK PLACE.
FIRST JAPANESE TROOPS WERE LANDED BY SMALL BOATS AT SARIMBUN
ALONG THE NORTHWEST SHORELINE. AFTER BITTER FIGHTING AGAINST AUSTRALIAN
TROOPS THEY ADVANCED INLAND TOWARDS TENGAH AIRFIELD NEAR BULIM.
JAPANESE CAPTURED AMA KENG VILLAGE AND THE TENGAH AIRFIELD NORTH
OF BULIM. ALLIED AIR FORCE EVACUATED TO SUMATRA. JAPANESE NOW DOMINATE
THE SKIES. IN THE EVENING NEW JAPANESE LANDINGS AGAINST AUSTRALIAN
POSITIONS AROUND KRANJI.
10 Feb.. Japanese occupied Kranji area and the woodlands high ground
which overlooked the causeway and was the key to the northern defences.
Kranji-Jurong line, a narrow ridge serving as last natural defence line
guarding northwestern approaches to Singapore city, taken over by
11 Feb.. Bukit Timah village captured. Indian and Australian troops
being pushed back. British abandoned headquarters at Sime road and
retreat to underground bunker at fort canning. British naval base
12 Feb.. British selected final defence perimeter encompassing areas in
the central and southern sectors. Japanese pressed towards Singapore
city on four fronts but suffered heavy losses.
13 Feb.. Japanese commander Lt. Gen. Yamashita moved headquarters to
ford factory near Bukit Timah.
Bukit Chandu (Opium Hill) near Pasir Panjang village defended by Malays
in an epic 48-hour stand while other defence positions collapsed.
14 Feb.. British troops heavily attacked on northern perimeter while in
the south Japanese took Alexandra hospital, many hospital staff and
15 Feb.. British surrendered to the Japanese at ford factory resulting
in 130,000 allied prisoners of war.
Japan's military occupation of Singapore lasted three and a half years.
Following the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan
surrendered unconditionally on 15 august, 1945. The British forces
returned to Singapore on 5 September 1945. A week later, Lord Mount
batten accepted the surrender of all Japanese forces in southeast Asia
at the municipal (city) hall.